The performance of the operations department in any company is contingent on an effective production plan. One of the essential components of a production program is manufacturing and material planning. Planning for material requirements plays an essential function in the production of assembly lines. Planning for material requirements is a system-based method, that arranges the production materials that are required.
The material requirement plan is an info system used for production planning based upon inventory management. The essential elements of material planning include:
- Material planning will inform you that all of the needed raw materials and components are readily available to be used in production.
- The material planning makes sure that the inventory levels are kept at the minimum levels. However, it also ensures that materials and products are readily available when production is scheduled helping to match the demand with supply.
- Material planning gives information about production planning and scheduling, but it also offers information about delivery and stocking.
The goal of the Material Requirement Plan
Planning for material requirements is carried out by the production planning and inventory control system. the three goals are as they are:
It is the primary objective to ensure that materials and parts are in stock to be used in production and that those final items are ready for shipment.
The main goal is not just to keep a minimum amount of inventory, but also to ensure that the right amount of material is readily available for the production of the correct amount of the final product.
Another goal is to make sure that there is a plan for every manufacturing process, this schedules different jobs to limit or eliminate any idle time for machines and workers.
Benefits and disadvantages of Material Resource Planning
Like every system-based method, material resource planning also has advantages and disadvantages. they can be described as follows:
Benefits of Material Resource Planning
It aids in keeping the minimum levels of inventory.
A minimum level of inventory material planning reduces related expenses.
Material tracking becomes simple and guarantees that reasonable quantities are achieved for all lots of orders.
Material planning helps to improve capacity utilization and allows for the proper allocation of timing to products according to demand forecasts.
Advantages of Material Resource Planning
Material planning is heavily dependent on inputs it gets from departments or other systems. If the input data isn’t right, the output of material planning may also be wrong.
Material planning demands the maintenance of a solid database that contains all the information regarding inventories, production schedules, and so on. Without this information, outputs could be in error. It requires appropriate instruction for the end-users, to maximize the benefits of the software. Material resource planning requires significant time investment and capital.